Paschim Medinipur district, commonly known as West Midnapore district, is a district in West Bengal, India, that was founded on January 1, 2002, after the Partition of Midnapore into Paschim Medinipur and Purba Medinipur. It is the second-largest district in the state in terms of geographical area (9,295.28 km2), after South 24-Parganas (9,960 km2). It is followed by South 24-Parganas (5.82 million) and Murshidabad (5.13 million) in terms of rural population (4.58 million). In 2011, it placed fourth in terms of tribal population percentage (14.87), after Jalpaiguri (18.87), Purulia (18.27), and Dakshin Dinajpur (16.12).
Apart from this, Paschim Medinipur district is recognized to have the maximum number of villages than any other popular districts. The 2011 census lists Paschim Medinipur as having an approx. of 8,694 villages, of which 7,600 are populated, and 1,094 are uninhabited